Rainforest Plants


Rainforest plants thrive extremely well in their environment, because every plant loves a lot of water, and rainforests are indeed very wet places.


This means rainforests are thick and dense, full of plant life, and packed with different plants - it gets so crowded that the biggest competition is this of sunlight.




Rain Forest View: Tree with Buttresses and Stream
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Every plant tries therefore to reach high up to not to miss out on sunlight.



Large trees grow tall and spread out their canopies and block the light from reaching the ground.
 
Rainforest with Giant Red Ceder Trees: Closeup of Massive Tree Trunk, Washington
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Some extra tall trees, called emergents, grow through that canopy, even higher.
Others, like vines climb on tree trunks to reach the sunlight high up. Orchids and epiphytes start growing high up in the trees when a bird drops a seed there.

Cymbidium, Montane Rainforest, Thailand
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Shorter trees and other plants grow on the rainforest floor, where some light happens to reach the forest ground.

When a high tree falls and opens up the canopy, smaller plants get a chance to start growing in the sunlight on the rainforest floor.

Rainforest flora vary considerably between tropical and temperate rainforests; and between the rainforests on different continents.

Tropical rainforest species are more numerous, while temperate rainforests have less layers and are more known for giant trees, mosses and epiphytes.


Rainforest Trees

Rainforest Flowers

Rainforest Orchids

Endangered Plants in the Rainforest

Endemic Plants of the Rainforest




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