majority of Madagascar
animals are endemic to the island.
The most famous ones are lemurs
- mostly nocturnal primates totally endemic to Madagascar Island.
used to be lemurs in central African rainforests, but they were
replaced by higher forms of primates such as gorillas and chimpanzees.
lemurs are endangered
both because habitat destruction, and
because superstitious humans kill some species, such as aye-ayes.
mammals include mongoose, fossas, civets, fanaloucs, tenrecs
(hedgehog-like animals), moles, rats, mice and bats.
It is very common
on islands that there are no large mammals, and bats and rodents make
up a large part (if not all) of native mammal species.
is also quite common on islands that there is a large variety of birds.
Madagascar's birds include different species of asity, babbler, baza,
buttonquail, buzzard, coua, emu-tail, flufftail, flycatcher, fody,
goshawk, greenbul, ground-roller, harrier, harrier-hawk, hawk-owl,
heron, hoopoe, ibis, jacana, jery, kestrel, kingfisher, lark,
magpie-robin, munia, newtonia, nightjar, pelican, plover, rail,
rock-thrush, sandgrous, scops-owl, serpent-eagle, shearwater,
sparrowhawk, spoonbill, starling, sunbird, swamp-warbler, swift,
tetraka, vanga, wagtail and weaver.
Other classic Madagascar animals are chameleons.
Although chameleons are found in many other parts of the world too, the
vast majority of species are only found on Madagascar Island. Although
some species inhabit deserts and grasslands, most of them live in
rainforests, and are, as lemurs, threatened by rainforest
Other Madagascar reptiles include many species of harmless colubrid
snakes, and some boas, such as Madagascar ground boa and
tree boa; Nile Crocodiles, four species of turtles (including the
species of skinks,
also has about 300 species of frogs and almost all of them are endemic
to the island. Madagascar's frogs include the colourful mantella frogs
(aka Golden frogs); the less colourful Mantidactylus
frogs; many species
of tree frogs, and genus Dyscophus
Insects and Spiders
finally, there are millions
of species of spiders and insects.
Spiders include orb spiders, thorn spiders, trapdoor spiders, pelican
spiders, wandering spiders, sac spiders, wolf spiders, tarantula
spiders and many more.
spiders, many insects (such
as butterflies, praying mantids, moths and others) also grow quite
large. This is often the case with rainforest
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