the lion of Africa, tiger
of Asia and leopard of
south-east Asia, jaguar
the "Big Cat"
of the Americas.
mainly due to the skin pattern - in fact it is larger and stockier than
leopard, has shorter limbs, and at close examination even their pattern
is different, with this of jaguar's being larger and darker.
Rare albino and melanistic individuals exist, these are sometimes
commonly called white resp. black panther.
It is a large animal,
weighing up to 100kg, and it is known for its
that can even break turtle shells and mammal skulls. It is
a solitary, mostly nocturnal hunter, and an opportunistic predator.
diet consists of meat only, and it is an important key species in its
ecosystem where it controls the numbers of its prey species. It attacks
humans much more rarely than other "Big Cats" do, and much more rarely
than humans kill jaguars. This happens mainly because of fur trade and
conficts with farmers, because jaguars don't mind eating cattle.
Jaguars are however protected. They are on decline because
killed by humans as well as habitat destruction.
most prefered habitat is
but as that is getting
destroyed, they also inhabit open grasslands and other open, drier
ecosystems. They do need water though, and as not so common amongst
cats, they enjoy swimming and are good swimmers.
It is found between the southernmost United States in north and
northern Argentina in south, with the exception of Uruguay and El
Salvador where the animal has gone instinct.
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