what does it mean that some plants
of the rainforest are endemic.
An endemic plant
is a plant
that is not found anywhere else in the world.
A plant (or animal etc) can be endemic to a continent, to a region or
any other defined zone.
Places known for a lot of endemic species are often isolated places,
such as Australia,
Hawaii, Galapagos, New Caledonia, Philippines etc.
Many species of eucalypts
for example are endemic to Australia,
many species of
grevilleas, banksias and others.
has got the second highest number of endemic plants in the world (after
Australia), including many palms and orchids. Six of the world's eight
species of Baobab trees are endemic to Madagascar (the other two are
found in Australia).
Hawaii - the
remotest of all
the islands in the world, has got many endemic species, a few examples
Po'ouli (Melamprosops phaeosoma)
classic remote group of islands, has got many endemic plants, some of
the rarest being daisy tree (Scalesia
atractyloides) and Floreana Flax (Linum cratericola).
- a small island
north-east of New Zealand, has got a large variety of endemic plants,
including whole families like Phellinaceae,
Oncothecaceae, Strasburgeriaceae, Paracryphiaceae,
More than 80% of New Caledonia's rainforest plants are endemic to the
is another country known for its high number of endemics, including
many species of endemic plants of the rainforests such as orchids, e.g.
Philippine Orchids (Vanda
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does that mean?