Amazon Rainforest Plants


Amazon rainforest plants species are very variable and numerous.


The riverside vegetation includes Varzea plants such as kapok trees (Ceiba pentandra), Mulato tree (Calycophyllum spruceanum), Aninga (Montrichardia arborescens), Acai palm (Euterpe oleracea), Buriti Palm (Mauritia flexuosa), Munguba tree (Pseudobombax munguba), Amazon Cannon-ball tree (Couropita subsessilis) and Calabash (Crescentia cujete); and Igapo plants such as Muruci (Byrsonima amazonica), Jara Palm (Leopoldinia pulchra), Arapari (Macrolobium acaciaefolium), and Monkey gourd (Eschweilera tenuifolia).


Close View of a Heliconia Tropical Flower Near the Amazon River
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Upland forests contain Babacu (Attalea speciosa), Inaja (Maxmilliana regia), Pataua (Oenocarpus bataua), Bacaba (Oenocarpus bacaba), monkey ladder vine (Bauhinia sp), Brazil nut (Bertholletia excelsa), Visgueiro (Parkia pendula), Pequi (Caryocar sp), many palms, and ant plants such as tococa (Melastomaceae), Hirtella (Chrysobalanaceae) and Duroia (Rubiaceae).

Butterfly, Pierella Hyalinus, Amazon Jungle, Bolivia, South America
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The flora of lakes include the impressive royal water lilies (Victoria amazonica), Victoria cruziana, and many other water lilies in the genus Nymphaea, such as Nymphaea ampla.



There are also aquatic ferns such as Marsilea polycarpa and Salvinia auriculata; water lettuce (Pistia stratiotes and water hyacinth (Eicchornia crassipes).

Amazon Water Lilies
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Mangrove forests contain red mangrove (Rhizophora sp.), white mangrove (Avicennia nitida), Laguncularia racemosa; and buttonwood (Conocarpus erectus).  

Amazon River, Brazil
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Tropical wetlands contain species like Bocaiuva (Acrocomia aculeata), Acuri (Attalea phalerata), Caranda (Copernicia alba), Canjiqueira (Byrsonima orbignyana), paratudo (Tabebuia aurea), Cambara (Vochysia divergens), reed mace (Typhia dominguensis),willow herbs (Ludwigia sedoided) and sedge (Cyperus giganteus).

Anavilhanas Archipelago, Rio Negro, Amazon Area, Brazil, South America
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